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Thursday, October 23, 2014

What is depth therapy?

"Depth psychotherapy is applied in divergent usages in the professional literature. In this section, depth psychotherapy is referring to a collection of various approaches to therapy that value an in-depth approach. This includes psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, Jungian, relational, humanistic, existential, gestalt, and many other approaches to therapy. Depth psychotherapy is consistent with what James Bugental refers to as life-changing psychotherapy.

The field of psychotherapy today is involved in a large debate over which approach to therapy is best. The most heated of these debates is between the solution-focused therapies and the depth psychotherapies. This debate is problematic in many ways. While there is reason to be concerned about some approaches to therapy (i.e., rebirthing therapy), most approaches are valuable. Oftentimes, different approaches to therapy reflect different values about what life outcomes people desire. While most therapies share some values on therapeutic outcomes (e.g., decreased problematic symptoms, increased life satisfaction), what is meant by these outcomes differs.

The diverse therapy approaches also attain some different outcomes. For example, the various depth psychotherapies value self-awareness much more than the solution-focused psychotherapies. While both approaches may decrease depression, they will achieve this differently which will bring different byproducts. An important and highly valued byproduct for the depth psychotherapies is an increased self-awareness.

Existential psychotherapy falls in the realm of being one of the many depth psychotherapies. Because it shares values with many of other approaches, it is often possible to integrate aspects of other depth psychotherapies into an existential approach. For example, James Bugental developed what he called existential-humanistic psychotherapy, which is an integration of these two theoretical approaches. Rollo May, the father of American existential psychotherapy, integrated heavily from psychodynamic and Jungian approaches. Stephen Diamond developed what he refers to as existential depth psychotherapy which is an integration of existential and Jungian thought. Similarly, relational psychoanalysis or relational psychotherapy integrates existential and humanistic themes into a psychoanalytic or psychodynamic approach."

Credit

More Info...

  1. Depth therapy @ Good Therapy (dot) org

Check out GetSelfHelp (dot)co (dot) uk for awesome helpful worksheets,etc

"Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) has been proven to help mental health problems.  This website offers CBT self-help information, resources and including therapy worksheets on the FREE DOWNLOADS PAGES:  worksheets & handouts"

Has a TON of great self helping work sheets, tips, mp3s,etc

Check out getselfhelp.co.uk

What is the grounding technique?

"WHAT IS GROUNDING?

Grounding is a set of simple strategies to detach from emotional pain (e.g., craving, anger, sadness). Distraction works by focusing outward on the external world, rather than inward toward the self. You can also think of it as “distraction,” “centering,” “a safe place,” “looking outward,” or “healthy detachment.”

WHY DO GROUNDING?

When you are overwhelmed with emotional pain, you need a way to detach so that you can gain control over your feelings and stay safe. Grounding “anchors” you to the present and to reality.

Many people with PTSD or those people who are struggling with feeling overwhelming emotions and memories or those feeling numb with dissociation, benefit from grounding. In grounding, you attain a balance between the two: conscious of reality and able to tolerate it. Remember that pain is a feeling; it is not who you are. When you get caught up in it, it feels like you are your pain, and that is all that exists. But it is only one part of your experience-the others are just hidden and can be found again through grounding.

Guidelines

  • Grounding can be done any time, any place, anywhere, and no one has to know.
  • Use grounding when you are faced with a trigger, enraged, dissociating, having a craving, or when ever your emotional pain goes above 6 (on a 0-10 scale). Grounding puts healthy distance between you and these negative feelings.
  • Keep your eyes open, scan the room, and turn the light on to stay in touch with the present.
  • Rate your mood before and after grounding, to test whether it worked. Before grounding, rate your level of emotional pain (0-10, where 10 means “extreme pain”). Then re-rate it afterwards. Has it gone down?
  • No talking about negative feelings or journal writing-you want to distract away from negative feelings, not get in touch with them.
  • Stay neutral-avoid judgments of “good” and “bad.” For example, instead of “The walls are blue; I dislike blue because it reminds me of depression,” simply say “The walls are blue” and move on.
  • Focus on the present, not the past or future.
  • Note the grounding is not the same as relaxation training. Grounding is much more active, focuses on distraction strategies, ans is intended to help extreme negative feelings. It is believed to be more effective than relaxation training for PTSD.
  • WAYS OF GROUNDING


There are three major ways of grounding, mental, physical, and soothing. “Mental” means focusing your mind; “physical” means focusing on your senses (e.g., touch, hearing); and “soothing” means talking to yourself in a very kind way. You may find that one type works better for you, or all types may be helpful.

Mental Grounding

What is the Divine Command Theory?

"The divine command theory (DCT) of ethics holds that an act is either moral or immoral solely because God either commands us to do it or prohibits us from doing it, respectively. On DCT the only thing that makes an act morally wrong is that God prohibits doing it, and all that it means to say that torture is wrong is that God prohibits torture. DCT is wildly implausible for reasons best illustrated by the Euthyphro dilemma, which is based on a discussion of what it means for an act to be holy in Plato's Euthyphro. Substituting "moral wrongness" for "holiness" raises the dilemma: Is torture wrong because God prohibits it, or does God prohibit torture because it is already wrong?

While DCT takes the the first route, Euthyphro takes the last one: If a good God prohibits torture he does so because torture is intrinsicly wrong, not merely because he declares torture to be wrong by fiat. But if torture is intrinsicly wrong, then it is wrong regardless of whether or not God exists. Either certain acts are wrong regardless of anyone's opinions or commands (including God's), or else all that we mean by "torture is wrong" is "God prohibits torture." Rather than grounding the objectivity of ethics, DCT completely undermines it by insisting that God's commands (like those of individuals or societies) do not require justification in terms of any external principles.

DCT is thus a kind of moral relativism: what's right or wrong is what one's God (like one's self or one's society) says is right or wrong--and there are no moral standards apart from this. Yet if God said that 2+2=100, 2+2=100 would nonetheless be false because 2+2=4 is true regardless of what God says. The same point holds for moral propositions like "inflicting unnecessary suffering solely for fun is wrong." If that proposition is true, then it is true regardless of whether God commands or prohibits inflicting such suffering.

If there is no standard of "being morally right" apart from God's commands, then God could literally command us to do anything and it would be right for us to do it by definition. Whatever God commands becomes the standard of moral rightness, and there are no moral values external to God to constrain what he would or would not command. So if God commanded one person to rape another, DCT entails that that rape would be moral because "doing the right thing" is logically equivalent to "doing what God commands." A highly implausible implication is that it is impossible to even imagine God commanding a wrong act. What counts as moral or immoral behavior on DCT is completely subjective--dependent upon God's fiat--and thus arbitrary.

While some retort that goodness flows from God's nature, this merely changes the form of the dilemma: Is compassion good because it is a part of God's nature, or is compassion a part of God's nature because it is already good? The first option produces problems parallel to those for DCT. If malice were a part of God's nature, for instance, it is doubtful that malice would automatically be good. If there are any objective moral standards at all, then a god can be either good or evil, and the assessment of a god's character would depend upon appealing to standards independent of any god's commands, opinions, statements, nature, or character."

See more about the Divine Command Theory @ Infidels.org

More Info..

  1. Divine Command Theory @ Wikipedia

Use the Feeling Faces cards to help you with your emotions

"42 Feeling Cards help individuals identify emotions and  share important thoughts about feelings.
The humorous face on each card invites quick responses from children, teens and adults. The cards are ideal for self-help, play therapy, & emotional intelligence."

You could probably even make them yourself just draw and color the artwork onto index cards.
feeling faces chart or poster
feeling faces cards

Check out the Feeling Faces cards